Science

CDSA Image Library update 111115

Subject Leader: R McDermott

Deputy Subject Leader: S McCarthy

Subject Team: B Dunstan, A Emerson, J Rodgers, N Dawdry, S Larkham, J Seymour, J Chinner, S Barnes and T Page

General subject statement:

The study of science fires pupils’ curiosity about phenomena in the world around them and offers opportunities to find explanations. It engages learners at many levels, linking direct practical experience with scientific ideas. Experimentation and modelling are used to develop and evaluate explanations, encouraging critical and creative thought. Pupils learn how knowledge and understanding in science are rooted in evidence. They discover how scientific ideas contribute to technological change – affecting industry, business and medicine and improving quality of life. They trace the development of science worldwide and recognise its cultural significance. They learn to question and discuss issues that may affect their own lives, the directions of societies and the future of the world.

KS3 – Years 7-8

Year 7 
Unit Title Assessment Overview
Cells Optional level assessed or test Observing Cells, Using a Microscope, Compare and Contrast Cells
Body Systems Optional level assessed or test Consider the levels of organisation in multicellular organisms
Reproduction Optional level assessed or test Consider the changes involved in puberty, the reproductive systems, development of a fetus and plant reproduction
Particles Optional level assessed or test Identify the strengths and weaknesses with the particle model, consider states of matter
Elements, Atoms and Compounds Optional level assessed or test Introduce the periodic table, consider atoms, elements and compounds. Enhance practical skills
Reactions Optional level assessed or test Carry out chemical reactions, consider word equations, burning fuels and thermal decomposition
Acids and Alkalis Optional level assessed or test Look at pH, what is an acid/alkali and neutralisation
Forces Optional level assessed or test Introduction to forces, squashing and stretching, drag force and friction, balanced and unbalanced
Sound Optional level assessed or test Waves, sound and energy transfers
Light Optional level assessed or test Light, Reflection, Refraction, the eye and colour
Space Optional level assessed or test The night sky, the solar system and the earth

 

Year 8
Health Optional level assessed or test Photosynthesis, leaves, chemosynthesis, plant minerals, respiration and food chains and webs
Ecosystems Optional level assessed or test Competition and adaptation, variation and inheritance
Adaptation and Inheritance Optional level assessed or test Metals and non metals, groups, elements of specific groups of the periodic table
The Periodic Table Optional level assessed or test Mixtures, Solutions, Solubility, Filtration, Distillation and evaporation
Metals and Acids Optional level assessed or test Metals reactions with acids, oxygen, water, metal displacement reactions
The Earth Optional level assessed or test The earth – it’s atmosphere, carbon cycle, climate change and rocks
Electricity and Magnetism Optional level assessed or test Charge, Circuits, Current, resistance and electromagnets
Energy Optional level assessed or test Food and Fuels, Energy transfers linked with particles, radiation, energy and power
Motion and Pressure Optional level assessed or test Speed, motion graphs, pressure in solids, liquids and gases and turning forces


KS4 – Years 9-11

Whether studying Combined Science or Separate Science students will be taught Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
Brief overview of topics covered – The course divides into approximately 5 Major teaching blocks.

Teaching Block 1 –
B1.Cell Biology
B2 Organisation
C8. Atomic Structure
C9. Bonding
P7. Forces  (not including Momentum)
Teaching Block 2   
1. The 5th unit from Teaching Block 1
P18. Energy
P20 Particle Model of Matter
B3 Infection and Response
B4 Bioenergetics
C10 Quantative Chemistry
Teaching Block 3
C11. Chemical changes
C12. Energy changes
P.19 Electricity
P. 22 Forces Momentum
B.5 Homeostasis and response
Teaching Block 4
B6 Inheritance, variation and response
C13 The Rate and Extent of chemical change
C14 Organic Chemistry
C15 Chemical Analysis
P21 Atomic Structure
P23 Waves
B7.Ecology
C16 Chemical Analysis
C17 Using Resources
P. 24 Electricity and Magnetism

Exam board: AQA – GCSE Combined Science / Trilogy and Separate Sciences

http://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/science

 

Exam information

Combined Science – The course is entirely examined at the end of year 11. There are 6 Examinations. Each exam is a written exam: 1 hour 15 minutes • Foundation and Higher Tier.

Biology Paper 1 Biology topics 1–4: Cell Biology; Organisation; Infection and response; and Bioenergetics.

Biology Paper 2 Biology topics 5–7: Homeostasis and response; Inheritance, variation and evolution; and Ecology.

Chemistry Paper 1 Chemistry topics 8–12: Atomic structure and the periodic table; Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter; Quantitative chemistry; Chemical changes; and Energy changes.

Chemistry Paper 2 Chemistry topics 13–17: The rate and extent of chemical change; Organic chemistry; Chemical analysis; Chemistry of the atmosphere; and Using resources.

Physics Paper 1 What’s assessed Physics topics 18–21: Energy; Electricity; Particle model of matter; and Atomic structure.

Physics Paper 2 What’s assessed Physics topics 22–24: Forces; Waves; and Magnetism and electromagnetism

Separate Sciences Examination Information For Each Separate Science – The course is entirely examined at the end of year 11. There are 2 Examinations for each gcse. Each exam is a written exam: 1 hour 45 minutes • Foundation and Higher Tier.

Biology Paper 1 Biology topics 1–4: Cell Biology; Organisation; Infection and response; and Bioenergetics.

Biology Paper 2 Biology topics 5–7: Homeostasis and response; Inheritance, variation and evolution; and Ecology.

Chemistry Paper 1 Chemistry topics 8–12: Atomic structure and the periodic table; Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter; Quantitative chemistry; Chemical changes; and Energy changes.

Chemistry Paper 2 Chemistry topics 13–17: The rate and extent of chemical change; Organic chemistry; Chemical analysis; Chemistry of the atmosphere; and Using resources.

Physics Paper 1 What’s assessed Physics topics 18–21: Energy; Electricity; Particle model of matter; and Atomic structure.

Physics Paper 2 What’s assessed Physics topics 22–24: Forces; Waves; and Magnetism and electromagnetism

Links to useful websites:

KS5 – AS/A-Level

Biology

Students study the following areas during the course:

Year 12
Topic 1 Biological Molecules
Topic 2 Cells, Viruses and Reproduction of Living Things
Topic 3 Classification and Biodiversity
Topic 4 Exchange and Transport
Year 13
Topic 5 Energy for Biological Processes
Topic 6 Microbiology and Pathogens
Topic 7 Modern Genetics
Topic 8 Origins of Genetic Variation
Topic 9 Control Systems
Topic 10 Ecosystems

Examination – Although all assessments will be by examinations, core practical skills will remain an important element in the learning process and a record kept in the form of a lab book.

Exam board: – Edexcel: https://qualifications.pearson.com/en/qualifications/edexcel-a-levels/biology-b-2015.html

Physics

Overview of topics covered:

1 Measurements and their errors
2 Particles and radiation
3 Waves
4 Mechanics and materials
5 Electricity
C9. Bonding
6 Further mechanics and thermal physics
7 Fields and their consequences
8 Nuclear physics
Options
9 Astrophysics
10 Medical physics
11 Engineering physics
12 Turning points in physics
13 Electronics

Exam board: AQA Physics 7407 / 7408

http://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/science/as-and-a-level/physics-7407-7408/spec-at-a-glance


Exam Information:

Assessments

Paper 1 – 2 hours written
Sections 1 to 5 and 6.1 (Periodic motion)

Paper 2 – 2 hours written
Sections 6.2 (Thermal Physics), 7 and 8
Assumed knowledge from sections 1 to 6.1

Paper 3 – 2 hours written
Section A Compulsory section: Practical skills and data analysis
Section B: Students enter for one of sections 9, 10, 11, 12 or 13

Links to useful websites

  • 1. Khan Academy Rated
  • Khan Academy – https://www.khanacademy.org/#Physics An impressive collection of simple and clearly explained video tutorials about a range of physics topics (as well as maths, chemistry and more) suitable for secondary school level students. Make sure you have your sound turned on.
  • 2. The Physics Classroom Rated – http://www.physicsclassroom.com/ The Physics Classroom
    Comprehensive physics website started by a teacher covering forces, motion and optics, waves and electricity. Lots of animations, simulations and other handy learning tools.
  • 3. School for Champions Rated  – http://www.school-for-champions.com/physics.htm#.V4TJzbgrK1s School for Champions
    Lesson notes on many physics topics presented in a straightforward manner. Quizzes at the end of each section focus thoughts and give you an idea of how much you understand.
  • 4. S-Cool Revision – GCSE and A level Rated  – http://www.s-cool.co.uk/ S-Cool Revision – GCSE and A level – http://www.cyberphysics.co.uk/index.html 5. Cyberphysics Rated

Cyberphysics
A useful revision site for GCSE and A level students, created by a physics teacher.

 

Chemistry

AS Unit 1:  The Core Principles of Chemistry  Assessment: Examination of 1 hour 30 minutes  Content summary: This unit provides opportunities for students to develop the basic chemical skills of formulae writing, equation writing and calculating chemical quantities. The study of energetics in chemistry is of theoretical and practical importance. In this unit students learn to define, measure and calculate enthalpy changes. They will see how a study of enthalpy changes can help chemists to understand chemical bonding. The study of atomic structure introduces s, p, and d orbitals and shows how a more detailed understanding of electron configurations can account for the arrangement of elements in the periodic table. The unit introduces the three types of strong chemical bonding (ionic, covalent and metallic).
Unit 2: Application of Core Principles of Chemistry Examination of 1 hour 30 minutes Content summary: This unit develops the treatment of chemical bonding by introducing intermediate types of bonding and by exploring the nature and effects of intermolecular forces. Study of the periodic table is extended to cover the chemistry of groups 2 and 7. Ideas about redox reactions are applied, in particular, to the reactions of halogens and their compounds. The unit develops a largely qualitative understanding of the ways in which chemists can control the rate, direction and extent of chemical change. Organic chemistry in this unit covers alcohols and halogenoalkanes. The treatment is extended to explore the mechanisms of selected examples. Students have to use formulae and balance equations and have an understanding of chemical quantities. Aspects of green chemistry and climate change are also studied. Assessment: in three sections.
AS Unit 3: Chemistry Laboratory Skills I Internally assessed, Availability Content summary: This unit contains practical assessments that cover the content of Units 1 and 2.
 A2 Unit 4: General Principles of Chemistry I Examination of 1 hour 40 minutes Content summary: In this unit students make a quantitative study of chemical kinetics and take further their study of organic reaction mechanisms. The topics of entropy and equilibria show how chemists are able to predict quantitatively the direction and extent of chemical change. The organic chemistry in this unit covers carbonyl compounds, plus carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Students are required to apply their knowledge gained in Units 1 and 2 to all aspects of this unit. This includes nomenclature, ideas of isomerism, bond polarity and bond enthalpy, reagents and reaction conditions, reaction types and mechanisms. Students are also expected to use formulae and balance equations and calculate chemical quantities.
A2 Unit 5: General Principles of Chemistry II Examination of 1 hour 40 minutes Content summary: In this unit the study of electrode potentials builds on the study of redox in Unit 2, including the concept of oxidation number and the use of redox half equations. Students will study further chemistry related to redox and transition metals. The further organic chemistry section of this unit focuses on arenes and organic nitrogen compounds such as amines, amides, amino acids and proteins. Students are expected to use the knowledge and understanding of organic chemistry that they have gained over the whole GCE in Chemistry when covering the organic synthesis section. This unit draws on all other units within the GCE in Chemistry and students are expected to use their prior knowledge when learning about these areas. Students will again encounter ideas of isomerism, bond polarity and bond enthalpy, reagents and reaction conditions, reaction types and mechanisms. Students are also expected to use formulae and balance equations and calculate chemical quantities.
A2 Unit 6: Chemistry Laboratory Skills II  Internally assessed Content summary: This unit contains practical assessments that cover the content of Units 1 and 2.

Exam Board: Edexcel – Chemistry Pearson

Useful Websites:

Year 12 BTEC National Applied Science

Unit titles Assessment mode Unit Overview
Mandatory Unit:  Principles and Applications of Science 1 Written Exam – set and marked by Pearson Aim: To understand core Science concepts. Atoms, electronic structure, structure and working of cells, how the body stays healthy, diagnosing illness and waves
Mandatory Unit:  Practical Scientific Procedures and Techniques Set and marked internally Aim: To carry out practical laboratory techniques correctly and accurately. Practicals relate to the chemical industry, medicine and pharmaceuticals, education, forensic investigation and many more
Mandatory Unit:  Science Investigation Skills Task – set and marked by Pearson Aim: To research and carry out scientific investigations. Learn how to plan an investigation, record results appropriately, process and analyse your results, draw scientific conclusions and evaluate your work.
Optional Unit: Physiology of Human Body Systems Set and marked internally Aim: To learn how three body systems – musculoskeletal, lymphatic and digestive are designed to allow the system to function.


Year 13 BTEC National Applied Science

Unit titles Assessment mode Unit Overview
1. Fundamentals of Science Internally assessed Introduction to some of the different jobs a scientist may do and the organisations they may work for
2. Working in the science Industry Internally assessed Explore what happens in the scientific workplaces
3. Scientific Investigation Internally assessed Appreciate the importance of planning and using suitable and reliable information sources to plan and complete an experiment
4. Scientific Practical Techniques Internally assessed Develop skils in preparation of standard solutions and the titration of substances and many other practical skills
5. Perceptions of Science Internally assessed Understand the way in which science is reported and the interaction between the media and society
6. Using mathematical tools for science Internally assessed Consider processing data, calculations, standard form and significant figures
9. Informatics for Science Internally assessed Collect data, analyse data and consider the use of data in science
11. Physiology of human body systems Internally assessed Consider the levels of organisation of the human body
12. Physiology of human regulation and reproduction Internally assessed Consider the levels of organisation of the reproductive system and the regulation of the human body
18. Genetics and Genetic Engineering Internally assessed Compare and contrast DNA, RNA and protein synthesis. Consider cell division and explain mendelian genetics
19. Practical Chemical Analysis Internally assessed Carry out practicals to enhance chemistry laboratory skills
22. Chemical Laboratory techniques Internally assessed Carry out practicals and complete calculations to enhance chemistry laboratory skills
43. Diseases and Infection Internally assessed Consider the main types of infection and disease and how these vary, spread and impact society.